The purpose of this project was to provide readers and policymakers with a comprehensive explanation of different types of medical insurances systems, such as complementary, supplementary and parallel systems. The researcher examined the possibility of introducing private health insurance in Canada, in order to demonstrate that voluntary private insurance could be an efficient way to increase health care funding in Canada, while also increasing patient control over individual medical treatments. The project sought to highlight the systems and experiences of other OECD nations, all of which allowed some form of parallel health care system.