The purpose of this project was to inform public-private debate in the context of Canadian healthcare. The project compared health care systems in all of the Canadian provinces, as well as those of similar nations around the world. The private health care sector in Canada is large and thriving. Most health care services are actually a form of public-private partnership, such as the relationship between doctors, who are private businesspeople, and Medicare, which uses tax dollars to pay doctors on behalf of patients. Concerned for the economic sustainability of the medicare system, AIMS undertook this research project to help guide policy makers by examining strategies to redefine the frontier between public and private service provision.