The goal of this project was to improve Canadian surgical practices by developing a new microsurgical robot that could perform neural surgery with improved precision and spatial resolution. The resulting product – the neuroArm – represents substantial improvements in neural surgery delivery. The machine includes features like ambidexterity, haptic sense (sense of touch) and tremor filters that eliminate motion seen under the microscope. neuroArm offers advances such as reduced surgeon fatigue, smaller cranial openings, and improved performance by all surgeons. The first surgery using neuroArm on a human subject was successfully conducted in May 2008, and since then more than 30 surgeries have occurred using the neuroArm.