Self-regulation is an essential part of child development and predicts success at school and in relationships with others. It is exemplified in activities like waiting or taking your turn or following simple instructions. This project will assess how self-regulation can be encouraged before children reach school age. The first stage of the project will examine what elements in early life (until age 3) predict good self-regulation, and how to screen for poor self-regulation. The second phase will inform community stakeholders, policy makers, and healthcare professionals about the research findings.